Holding an Unconscious Baby
If your baby is unconscious but breathing, hold him up in your arms with his head tilted slightly towards the back. This will enable his air passage to remain open and drain out liquid from his mouth which you can wipe away with a napkin or a soft cloth.
If a baby slips even under an inch of water during bathing, with his mouth and nose covered for only a few minutes, he may drown very easily. In such a situation, lift him out immediately and hold him with his head lower than the rest of his body. This will drain the water out of his lungs. If he is unconscious, hold him up in your arms with his head tilted slightly towards the back and call for help. If he is not breathing, perform the rescue breathing exercise mentioned earlier.
Note: If water gets into his lungs, breathe more firmly, so that the lungs are properly inflated.
Once babies start crawling or moving around, they are likely to touch and fiddle with whatever they can get hold of, and even put their finger into an unprotected electric outlet. An electric shock can stop baby's heart, disrupt his breathing, and cause shock, convulsions and severe burns. In such a situation, remember the following points:
- Always remember to protect yourself from getting electrocuted before you try to dislodge your baby, as this will prevent a circuit from forming.
- First, either disconnect the plug, or stand on non-conductive material like wood or plastic. Using a broom handle or a wooden stick or leg of a chair, push your baby away.
- Check for burns and if any, and wrap him with a sterile dressing or a plastic bag.
- If baby becomes unconscious, hold him up in your arms with his head slightly tilted towards the back. If he still does not breathe but has pulse, use rescue breathing or CPR.
It is best to keep hazardous substances away from your child’s reach. Make sure that all medicine bottles have child-proof caps and bottles containing liquid detergent or acid are absolutely out of his reach. However, if an accident occurs, keep the following points in mind:
- The signs of poisoning include vomiting, dizziness, convulsions, unconsciousness and burns or discoloration around the mouth.
- Contact your emergency control center or your doctor immediately.
- Try to find what baby has consumed first and foremost, its quantity and the time when it was consumed. Relay this information to a medical professional when help arrives.
- If your baby vomits, keep a sample to show your doctor if required. However, do not force baby to vomit.
- If baby is unconscious but breathing, try to hold him up in your arms with his head slightly tilted towards the back and wipe away the vomit if he has vomited. If he is not breathing, try rescue breathing through a cloth.
If your baby is bleeding profusely as a result of hurting himself, take the following steps to prevent blood loss and potential shock:
- Apply direct pressure to the wound and raise the injured part above the level of the heart.
- If there is a foreign body in the wound, without touching it, apply pressure on both sides.
- Expose the wound by cutting away clothing if necessary, and apply pressure with a clean dressing.
- If the wound spurts too much blood (an indication that an artery is potentially cut), apply more pressure for a longer period of time and put a pressure bandage. If blood continues to leak through the bandage, just wrap another bandage strip over the first dressing.
This can lead to a drastic drop in blood pressure and prove to be fatal. The warning signs include cold, sweaty skin, pale nails and lips, low breathing and unconsciousness. In such a situation:
- Contact emergency services or your doctor immediately.
- Place your baby on a coat or blanket, turn his head to his side in case he vomits, and keep his feet in a raised position (about eight inches). Loosen his clothing and rub his feet to keep them warm.