Babies in their early growing stages have a tendency to put everything into their mouth, which makes them highly susceptible to choking. Choking is a very serious condition, which can also lead to death. If your baby is able to cry and cough even when choking, just pat his back gently.
In case he is unable to take make a sound (cry or cough) or breathe but is conscious, or is making odd noises and coughing very weakly, follow the instructions in the given order:
Give back blows: With your baby’s head below his body, place his face down along your forearm supporting his head and neck, and rest your hand on your thigh. Using the heel of your hand, strike four to five firm back blows between his shoulder blades to dislodge the object.
Give chest thrusts: If he still is unable to make any sound, place your free hand on the back of baby’s head giving support along the spine and turn him over. Support him on your thigh and keep his head lower than his body. Keeping the pads of two to three fingers on his breastbone just below the nipples, push straight down on the chest ½ to 1 inch, then allow it to return to its normal position. The thrusts should be smooth and not jerky. Continue this for four to five times or until baby is able to cough up the object.
Unconscious but breathing: Lay him on his back on the floor and perform a mouth check. If you see the object on the tongue, take it out, or if it’s stuck in the throat, slip your little finger into his mouth to the base of his tongue. If the object is visible, use a hooking action and carefully remove it.
Unconscious and not breathing: To check whether your baby is unconscious, tap his feet and shoulder lightly and call his name. If he doesn’t respond, call for emergency help. In the meanwhile, gently tilt baby’s forehead, lift his chin and open his airway. Check if he’s breathing by observing his chest movement, listening for sounds, or by feeling air on your cheek. If not, give him rescue breaths by covering his nose and mouth with your mouth, and gently give him two slow breaths, making sure that your baby’s chest rises when you breathe into him and falls when you stop. Do not give fast or hard breaths as baby’s lungs are small and may get damaged. Follow by giving four to five back blows and chest thrusts. Repeat until baby starts to breathe or help arrives.